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The Ulster-Scottish Influence in America
The first American Census taken in 1790 listed 2,345,844 people of English origin; 188,589 of Scottish origin, and 44,273 of Irish origin. However, the portion of the population which was described as Irish were largely Ulster-Scottish. The true Irish never having emigrated in any considerable numbers until they felt the pressure of the potato famine some fifty years later.
Interestingly, at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War one-third of the entire population of Pennsylvania was of Ulster-Scottish origin. A New England historian, quoted by Whitelaw Reid, counted that between 1730 and 1770 at least half a million souls were transferred from Ulster to the Colonies, which was more than half of the Presbyterian population of Ulster.
The Scottish immigrants trended towards Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia and Kentucky. One authority fixes the inhabitants of Scottish ancestry in the nine Colonies South of New England at about 385,000, while less than half of the entire population of the Colonies was of English.
That means thar a large number of Scots and the Ulstermen contributed to the Revolutionary struggle in America as well as the public life of the early days of the United States. Out of the twenty-two brigadier generals of George Washington, nine were of Scottish descent. In fact, the rescuer of Kentucky and the whole rich territory northwest of the Ohio from the Indians, was General George Rogers Clark, a Scottish native of Albemarle County, Virginia.
When the Supreme Court of the United States was first organized by Washington three of the four Associate Justices were of the same blood; one a Scot and two Ulster-Scots. When the first Chief Justice, John Jay, left the bench, his successor, John Rutledge, was an Ulster-Scot.
The first cabinet of George Washiington contained four members, two of whom were Scotch and the third was an Ulster-Scot. Out of the fifty-six members who composed the Congress that adopted the Declaration of Independence eleven were of Scottish descent. It was in response to the appeal of a Scot, John Witherspoon, that the Declaration was signed; it is preserved in the handwriting of an Ulster-Scot who was Secretary of the Congress; it was first publicly read to the people by an Ulster-Scot, and first printed by a third member of the same vigorous body of early settlers.
Patriot's Estate was Seized after the Revolutionary War
At Salisbury, fourteen miles from Richmond, is the farmhouse which Patrick Henry rented for his family in 1784 when he was the Governor of Virginia. His landlord sold the property to Dr. Philip Turpin, a graduate in medicine and surgery of Edinburgh University. During the Revolutionary War, Dr. Turpin was taken prisoner by the British and retained as ship surgeon aboard one of their war vessels. So it was that Turpin was in Yorktown at the time of the surrender. It was not until his friends
vouched for his patriotism that he was released, however,
it was largely upon the testimony of Thomas Jefferson. Source: Historic Houses of Early America by Lathrop. List of Traced Virginia Families on this website
Code of the 17th Century Gentleman
During the 17th century, there were several wealthy and prominent business men in the colony, viz: Lawrence Evans, John Chew, Thomas Stegg, George Ludlow and Thomas Burbage. A number of law suits arose in consequence of their defalcations. In the case of Lawrence, Evans, a Board of Arbitration were appointed by the General Court in 1638. Business in the colony was transacted on a basis of credit (whether the residence was Virginia or England), but much of this debt was impossible to collect. The planter then, after having nurtured and picked his crop, was always subject to the danger of a law suit. In those days, a gentleman could be trusted and his word was his bond and it would appear that those who had left England to find prosperity in the American colonies, maintained class distinctions for very sound reasons.
In England, one identified himself by his dress and titles. This practice also became a tradition of the colonials. As for those planters who shirked their debts, they sought refuge from their creditors in Maryland.
Source: British State Papers, Colonial, vol. X, Nos. 15, I, II, III; Records of General Court, p. 61.
A Light Inside the Brain
Have you ever spent hours pouring over old records and not found anything to help with the research? Then, suddenly an idea pops into the head about where to search next? I believe there is a real light in there! It is so bright that it washes all the convoluted thoughts and presents instead uniquely obvious ideas.
The neuropathic path upon which this light travels may come in spurts, or last throughout the whole of the new idea. Ideas quickly become reality as they are implemented. Suddenly, something thought to be too difficult or impossible, flashes before the eyes inside our head. And fresh ideas are so compelling and deserving of expression that they can wake us in the middle of the night. Ideas are the reality of what can be?
Reverend William Johnson of Albemarle
The name of Reverend William Johnson of Albemarle County was listed among the signers of a petition to the Virginia Convention. The first Virginia Conventions were a series of five self-governing political meetings administering the legislative, executive and judicial functions of government. The House of Burgesses had been dissolved in 1774 by the Royal Governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, and so the conventions served as a revolutionary provisional government until the Fifth Virginia Convention established a republic for the Commonwealth of Virginia in its Constitution of May 1776. Later, in Bedford County Johnson appeared in Court on April 22, 1782 and proved that he had furnished the Convention with 396 pds. of beef for which he was allowed 10 pds. 5 shillings. After the war, he went to Tennessee where he died.
Monticello was the beloved home of Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence and founder of the University of Virginia. Jefferson spent sixty years planning this home to suit his needs. It is situated atop a mountain overlooking a spectacular view of the University. Vegetable and flower gardens were strategically planted along the hillside, and the Jefferson cemetery is located half-way up the mountain. Many of his personal inventions are displayed inside the home.
Do the Magic Centipede
Albemarle County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages
Albemarle County was established 1744 from Goochland County. The county seat is Charlottesville. The county was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle and titular Governor of Virginia at the time. In 1761 the county was divided to form Buckingham and Amherst counties, at which time the county seat was moved from the formerly-central Scottsville to Charlottesville.
Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to Members of Virginia Pioneers
- Marriages 1780 to 1868
- Marriage Register Index 1854 to 1893
Indexes to Probate Records
- Wills 1748 to 1752
- Deeds 1748 to 1752
- Wills, Estates, Appraisements 1752 to 1785
Images of Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Inventories, etc. 1748 to 1752
Testators: Abney, Abner;Allen, William Hunt;
Arrington, William;Baber, Robert;Ballon, William, inventory;
Brock, George;Bruce, John;Burke, Charles, estate;Cannon, William, inventory;Christian, Robert;Dameron, Lazarus;
Dameron, Richard;Duncan, Martin, inventory;Finley, Margaret;
Franklin, Benjamin;Gains, Bernard, inventory;Gorden, John, estate;Hamilton, inventory;Hamilton, Henry, inventory;
Hamner, Robert;Lifely, Mary; Lynch, Charles; Mahoney, James, inventory; Maxwell, Edward, inventory; Morrell, William;
Osborne, Arthur, appraisement; Osborne, Arthur; Phelps, Thomas;
Phelps, William; Reid, Andrew;Robertson, James;Rose, Robert;
Shehornes, John Darby;Spurlock, William;Sublet, James;
Tuley, John;Webb, Wentworth, inventory and Williamson, James, inventory.
Images of Albemarle County Wills, Estates, Inventories, etc. 1752 to 1785
Names of Testators not provided due to space.
Traced genealogies and family histories of Albemarle County available to Members !