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The Battle of Pleasant Point
After the French and Indian War, the plan was to grant land patents to settlers who wished to settle in western Virginia. But there was a problem. Native American tribes viciously protected their territories from the white man. As the struggle continued in the mountains against Native Americans as they scalped white men and took white women as prisoners, the Royal Governor, Lord Dunsmore, decided to take military action to rid the mountains of Indians once and for all. For those genealogists who have not yet unraveled their family histories during the early to mid 18th century, it is wise to explore the Alleghany mountains. Most of those families were of German descent and came down through Pennsylvania into the mountains of North Carolina and Virginia. However, it is worthy to note that a number of settlers on the east coast also applied for land patents in the mountains. See the Northern Neck Land Grants.
In 1768, after the Iroquois and the British signed the Treaty of Fort Stanwix giving all of their lands east and south of the Ohio River to the British, white settlers immediately moved into the region. Although the Iroquois agreed to give up this land, most Ohio American Indians did not, including the Delaware, the Seneca-Cayuga, and the Shawnee. Thus, during the spring of 1774, violent encounters occurred in the disputed area when the American Indians, especially the Shawnee, tried to drive the British colonists back to the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountains. In May the British colonists retaliated by killing eleven Seneca-Cayuga. When it was discovered that several of these natives were relatives of Chief Logan, the chief of the
Seneca-Cayuga at Yellow Creek (near modern-day Steubenville), the natives demanded retribution. However, the Shawnee leader Cornstalk, who had promised to protect the British fur traders in the Ohio County from attacks, urged conciliation.
Chief Logan, however, was not convinced and the Shawnee and Seneca-Cayuga leaders did not stop him from attacking British colonists living south and east of the Ohio River. Chief Logan and two dozen warriors sought revenge on the colonists in western Pennsylvania whereby they killed thirteen settlers. It was then that the commander of Fort Pitt, Captain John Connolly, prepared to attack the Ohio Country Indians and the royal royal governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, offered the assistance of the colony of Virginia. During August of 1774, the Pennsylvania militia entered the Ohio Country and quickly destroyed seven Seneca-Cayuga villages being abandoned while the soldiers approached. Meanwhile, Lord Dunmore sent one thousand men to the Kanawha River in modern-day West Virginia to build a fort to enable them to attack the Shawnee and met the force of Lord Dunmore on October 10, 1774. Chief Cornstalk wasted no time in sending his warriors into the Ohio country to drive out the British. The forces met on October 10, 1774 at Point Pleasant for a bloody battle with many casualties on both sides. The British succeeded in driving Cornstalk north of the Ohio River while Dunmore the Shawnee across the river. As Dunmore neared the Shawnee villages on the Pickaway Plains (north of Chillicothe, Ohio), he stopped and made camp (Camp Charlotte) and sent a message to the Shawnee to come and discuss a peace treaty. The Shawnee agreed, but while negotiations were under way, Colonel Andrew Lewis and a detachment of Virginia militia from Point Pleasant crossed the Ohio River and destroyed several Shawnee villages. Fearing that Dunmore intended to destroy them, the Shawnees immediately agreed to terms before more blood was shed. As a result of this war, some Shawnee natives agreed to the terms of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix which they had made in 1768, thereby promising to surrender certain of their lands east and south of the Ohio River and to return their white captives. Indian Villages, etc.
Massacre and Torture of the Moore Family
One of the oldest bridges in Alleghany County was built during 1857 near Covington. It crosses over Dunlap Creek for 110-feet. However, the bridge was closed to behicular traffic in 1929, due to flooding. Recently, it had repairs and remains open to pedestrians.
Clifton Forge was founded during the 1770s and enjoyed prosperity for many years. The Jackson River flows through the town of Clifton Forge in Alleghany County. When the railroad came, it employed many locals. Although Clifton Forge was once a city, in 2001, it surrendered its status and reverted to a town.
Clifton Furnace is an old cold blast charcoal furnace located near Clifton Forge. It was built with large, rough-hewn rectangular stones during 1846 and measured 34 feet square at the base with the sides and face tapering towards the top. The furnace went out of blast in 1854 and revamped in 1874. It was abandoned in 1877.
Gumption and Bravery
Genealogy Tips by Jeannette Holland Austin
While it is true that many poor Germans, Scotch, Irish and Swiss settlers crossed the seas to settle a wilderness plain, it took a lot of gumption, and then bravery to fight the battle of freedom. All Indian tribes were not friendly, and made it a practice to steal, massacre and take young girls as slaves. As one settler in the Allegheny Mountains said (in his last will and testament) "My two daughters were stolen by the Indians. If they should ever return, I want them provided for."
Sweet Chalybeate Springs
Sweet Chalybeate Springs (also known as the Red Sweet Springs, Sweet Chalybeate Hotel and Sweet Chalybeate Springs Lodge) is a historic resort hotel complex which was built and developed at the bottom of a small rock bluff. It was built during the 1850s and consists of a main building, guest cottages all fronted with two-level porches. There are a total of eight contributing buildings and one contributing structure. The main building is a gable roof, weather boarded, frame structure 12 bays long and 2 bays deep. Sweet Chalybeate suffered decline and finally closed its doors in 1918.
Candle-Making in the Mountains
During the 17th century candles were used to illuminate homes. The myrtle plant was the most popular owing to the clear light which it gave. The plant grew plentifully in the marshes and swamps and its berries could be gathered in great quantities and converted by boiling into wax.
75 Tornadoes East of the Alleghany Mountains
"Of 600 tornadoes of which has been made in the US, not more than 75 were East of the Allegheny Mountains." Source: The Jones Headlight, Gray's Station, Georgia March 24, 1888.
Keep coming back for more history of the Alleghany Mountains
Alleghany County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages
Alleghany County is located on the far western edge of Commonwealth of Virginia in the northernmost part of the Roanoke Region and is bordered by the Alleghany Mountains. The county was created in 1822 from parts of Botetourt, Bath and Monroe Counties (now in West Virginia). The county seat is Covington.
Alleghany County Wills and Estates available to members of Virginia Pioneers
Indexes to Probate Records
- Wills, Inventories, Estates 1822 to 1837
- Wills, Inventories, Estates 1837 to 1849
- Wills, Inventories, Estates 1849 to 1876
Images of Wills, Inventories and Estates 1833 to 1837Names of Testators: Andrews, Adam | Byrd, Thomas | Dawson, James | Douglas, Benjamin |
Diessler, Elizabeth | Fisk, John | Fudge, Mary | Galloway, Benjamin | Glasburn, David | Haggard, Adam | Haggard, David | Hagn, Jennell | Hale, John Sr. | Hansbarger, John | Herbert, William | Hook, Daniel | Humphries, William |
Kean, David | Keyser, David | Kimberlin, Catharine | Kimberlin, James |
Kimberlin, Mary | Kimberlin, Michael | Kincaid, Andrew | Kincaid, John |
Kincaid, Robert | Knox, William | Lewis, John | Lewis, Joseph | Lively, George |
Mallon, Michael | Mann, John | Mann, Sarah | McCall, Thomas | McCallister, John | McCallister, Thomas | Merry, James | Merry, Mary | Milhollin, Patrick |
Miller, Daniel | Morris, Archibald | Moyer, Catharine | Moyers, George |
Neel, John | Nicely, Jacob | Persinger, Henry | Persinger, Moses | Pilyer, George |
Pitzer, Abraham | Pitzer, Bernard | Robinson, James | Skeen, Jonathan | Smith, William | Steele, George Sr. | Taylor, Hugh | Taylor, William | Wallace, Michael |
Wayt, George | Wayt, Mary | Webb, John | Wolf, John | Wolf, Mary |
Wright, Jane Wright, Vincent
Images of Wills 1837 to 1849Names of Testators:
Armontrout, Frederick | Armontrout, George | Avill, Michael | Beals, Charles |
Blinton, John | Booth, William | Bradish, James | Bryan, Hugh | Callaghan, Margaret
Carpenter, Samuel Sr. | Carson, John | Daggs, Hezekiah | Deeds, John | Dew, Lucy |
Dew, William | Dickson, Lot | Erwin, Samuel | Findley, George | Fudge, Conrad |
Griffith, Robert | Haden, Matthew | Hansburger, Jacob | Harmon, Peter |
Jackson, Abel | Keyser, Keziah | Kimbelton, Nancy | Kimberlin, Mary |
Kincaid, Angelina | Kincaid, Archibald M. | Kincaid, Robert M. | Kincaid, William D. |
Kindle, James | Lane, Mary | Lassiter, John | Leighton, John | Lemon, Conrad |
Lively, George | Lively, Harrison | Lively, Jonathan | Lockhart, David |
Mallon or Mallow, Christina | Mallon, Michael | Massie, Henry | Mayfair, Henry |
McAllister, Thomas | Morrison, David | Payne, Charles C. | Pennel, Joseph |
Persinger, Jacob Sr. | Persinger, James | Pitzer, Abraham | Quickel, Henry |
Reynolds, James | Reynolds, John | Richardson, John | Sanders, Thomas |
Scott, Andrew M. | Scott, A. W. | Scott, Elizabeth | Scott, George |
Scott, Michael | Simmons, Ephraim | Skeen, William | Starnes, Jacob |
Taylor, James M. | Way, Charles | Williams, H. | Williams, John |
Wolf, George | Wolf, Jacob | Wolf, Sampson
Images of Wills, Estates, Inventories 1849 to 1876Names of Testators:
Allen, John | Anitt, James | Armortrout, Catharine | Armstrong, William R. |
Avitt, Joanna | Beaver, Jane | Beck, Richard | Bennett, Jacob | Bennet, William |
Bowzer, David | Bowzer, John | Brown, Samuel | Callaghan, Charles | Carson, George | Carson, John Jr. | Cassidy, Mary | Clark, William J. | Clark, William L. |
Cosley, Martin | Cowan, Jonas | Crow, Amanda | Dagg, Catharine | Dawson, Joseph
Denshoo, John | Dickey, L. D. | Dresebell, Peter | Durber, Levi | Findley, John |
Fridley, Thomas | Fudge, Conrad | Fudge, Martha | Gibbons, William | Gilbert, David A. | Gilliland, Henry | Given, David | Groce, Jacob | Hammond, G. W., Dr. | Hansbarger, Jacob | Hansbarger, John H. | Hansbarger, Sebastian | Hardy, John |
Harmon, Anthony | Harmon, Christopher | Harmon, George H. | Harmon, George W. |
Harmon, Henry | Harris, Henry | Harrison, Joseph | Havitt, Joanna | Hefter, Joseph | Hepler, David | Heplin, John | Howes, George P. | Hook, Stephen | Humphries, Jesse | Humphries, Oliver | Jackson, Andrew G. | Jackson, Crofferd | Jackson, Jesse J. | Jennell, Mamith | Johnson, Bernard | Johnson, William | Kaines, William |
Karnes, Michael | Karnes, Sampson | Kean, Samuel | Keyes, John D.
Keyser, Andrew J. | Keyser, Fleming | Keyser, Keziah | Kimberlin, Joseph | Kincaid, Andrew | Kincaid, Mary C. | Kincaid, Samuel | King, George P. | King, William F. | Kyle, Galbraith | Lemon, Joseph | Lewis, John | Lively, Joseph | Lockhart, Elizabeth | Mallow, John | Mann, Moses H. | Martin, George | Martin, John | Martin, William F. | Mathews, James | McCallister, Thompson |
Meyer, Augustus | Meyers, George | Moon, John | Morter, William | Niceley, Elizabeth | Niceley, Lenis | Nidas, Chapman | Nidas, D. J. |
Pender, Michael | Persinger, A. | Persinger, Henry | Plymale, William | Putnam, Eli | Quickler, Adam | Reece, Emanuel | Robinson, Elizabeth |
Robinson, James F.| Robinson, John S. | Rucker, Francis | Scott, William |
Sevily, Elizabeth | Sheen, William | Schumacker, William | Shell, James |
Shell, Jonathan | Simpson, John | Skeen, Robert Sr. | Smith, Henry | Smith, Jennet |
Smith, John | Smith, John | Steele, Isaac | Stone, John | Stringer, John |
Stull, Daniel | Stull, George Sr. | Stull, James | Tinsley, Bennet | Vance, William |
Ward, John | Warren, James | Weaver, John | Whitten, William | Wiley, Ferdinand | Williamson, David | Wolf, John | Wolf, Abraham | Wolf, Jacob H. | Wolf, Mary Elizabeth | Wolf, Mary