Virginia Pioneers

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The First Public Voice was a Scottish Fellow

Map of Ulster George Bancroft, known for his New England predictions, said: "We shall find the first voice publicly raised in America to dissolve all connection with Great Britain, came not from the Puritans of New England, or the Dutch of New York, or the planters of Virginia, but from Scotch-Irish Presbyterians." It was Patrick Henry, a Scot, who kindled the popular flame for independence. The foremost was descended from those Scots driven out of Ulster by bishops and Lord Donegal & Company. The distinguished place which men of Scottish or of Ulster origin had asserted for themselves in the councils of the Colonies was not lost when the Colonies became independent States. Among the first of the thirteen original States two-thirds were of either Scottish or Ulster-Scottish origin. Of the men who have filled the great office of President of the United States, eleven out of the whole twenty-five come under the same category. About half the Secretaries of the Treasury of the Government of the United States have been of Scottish descent, and nearly a third of the Secretaries of State.

Patrick Henry, the Eloquent Patriot

Patrick Henry Patrick Henry was born in 1736 in Hanover County. His father was a lawyer of much intelligence, and his mother belonged to a fine old Welsh family. When he was fifteen years old, his father put him into a country store where he tried his hand at storekeeping, which failed. When finally he decided to practice law, after only studying for six months, he applied for admission to the bar. The new occupation of an lawyer served him well and in 1765, after the passage of the Stamp Act by the English Parliament, he went to Williamsburg to attend the session of the Virginia House of Burgesses, where he was elected a member. The countryside was stirred up by the news of the new Stamp Act. Most of the members of the House of Burgesses were wealthy planters, men of dignity and influence and spoke kindly of England as the "mother" of the colonies. But Patrick Henry was prepared and had written a series of resolutions upon the blank leaf taken from a law-book. He arose and offered them to the assembly. One of these resolutions declared that the General Assembly of the colony had the sole right and power of laying taxes in the colony. A hot debate followed, in the course of which Patrick Henry, ablaze with indignation, arose and addressed the body. His speech closed with these thrilling words: "Caesar had his Brutus, Charles the First his Cromwell, and George the Third... " Before he could finish the assembly shouted "Treason! Treason!" Pausing a moment in a fearless attitude, the young orator calmly continued, "...may profit from their example. If this be treason make the most of it." Henry was so persuasive that the resolutions were passed! Henry became popular for his orations and the challenge of defiance vibrated throughout America. The rheteric encouraged the colonists to unite against the oppressive taxation of King George. As a whole, the English people did not support the King and some of its wisest statesmen believed he was making a great mistake in trying to tax the Americans without their consent. Said William Pitt, in a stirring speech in the House of Commons: "Sir, I rejoice that America has resisted. Three millions of people so dead to all the feelings of liberty as voluntarily to submit to be slaves, would have been fit instruments to make slaves of all the rest." Night Watchman Announced the Capture of Cornwallis How to Revolutionary War Affected those at Home This is the time for War! 1776. The Battle of Fort Washington Our Precious Freedom Won by our Ancestors American Rebels Show British Prisoners Great Humility Revolutionary War Pensions Provide Interesting Family Stories The Battle of Long Island Flats The Suffering of Prisoners Imposed by the British 1781 Map of Seige of Yorktown Revolutionary War Pensions on this website

The Story of Billey Talley

Billey Talley enlisted in the Revolutionary War as a private in 1776 and was sent with the 5th Virginia Regiment under Colonel Scott to Philadelphia. At that time, the British occupied New York. Billy fought in the battles of Germantown and Brandywine; wintered at Valley Forge with the troops under General Washington, and was discharged in February of 1778 after serving two years. He returned to his home to be married in Henrico County.

Map of Hanover County, Virginia


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After the Scots were Driven from Ulster

Long before the Reformers of the sixteenth century founded the parish school system of Scotland, the monasteries had their schools and parish churches; there were high schools in the burghs and song schools of remarkable excellence. The light of learning may have waxed dim at times, but it was not from an illiterate land that Scottish scholars were carried into Europe and finally to American shores along with those skilled in war. In 1801, the population of the whole of Scotland was but little over a million and a half, and behind that there were at least eight centuries of National history.

Lanterns and Candlesticks

lanterns Candles made of fireplace ash and myrtle berries supplied the first light for the first colonial homes in the colonies. Myrtle berries were serviceable because the wax to not get too hot to melt. Lanterns came into style during Colonial days and were a prominent feature of the hallway furnishing. Many of these were gilded and many were painted, and their greatest period of popularity was during the first part of the eighteenth century. About 1750 the first glass lamps came into favor. These were not like those of a later period, being very simple in form, and not particularly graceful.

In 1782 a Frenchman, named Argand, introduced the lamp which still bears his name. This marked the beginning of the lamp era, and while at first these lamps were so high in price that they could only be afforded by the wealthier classes, later they were produced at a more reasonable figure, when they came into general use.

William Overton Came to Virginia to Find his Father

Pamunky River William Overton of London was married to a daughter of Samuel Waters and this ceremoney was recorded in the Parish of St. Sepulchre. Family tradition says that William Overton came to the Colony of Virginia in search of his father ca 1669, and failing to find him, remained in Hanover County. A year later, he brought over his fiancee whom he married onboard ship on November 24, 1670. It cost him 50 pds. of tobacco for her passage to America. In 1681 he received 4,600 acres of land on the Southside of the Pamunky River on Falling Creek for transporting 29 persons into the colony. In 1690 he was deeded addition land in St. Peter's Parish.
Hanover County Court House

Historic Scenes of Virginia



Hanover County, Virginia Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Court House Records

Old Church Tavern Hanover County, Virginia was formed on November 26, 1720 from New Kent County. It was named after King George I of England,who was the Elector of Hanover in Germany.

Digital Images of Wills 1785 to 1893

Testators:Anderson, Alexander ;Anderson, John ; Anderson, John F. ;Baker, Martin; Blair, James ;Boswell, Benjamin ;Bowe, John ;Bowe, Nathaniel ;Bowe, William ;Bowles, William ;Brawn, Milton ;Christee, Charles; Cocke, Francis ; Cocke, Joseph A. ;Cocke, William ;Cross, Nathaniel ;Dabney, Mehitabel ;Darracott, John ;DeJarnette, William ;Dickie, Barbara ;Dunn, Thomas ;England, William ;Gardner, John ;Gentry, David ; Gibson, Henry ;Glenn, German ;Glenn, Hannah ;Goodman, Timothy ; Goven, Archibald ;Grantland, Samuel ;Graves, Herman ;Green, William ;Hambleton, Sarah ;Harris, Thomas; Honeyman, Robert; Hughes, John; Jones, Thomas ;Kennedy, Martin; Kidd, Pelman; King, Henry ;Lankford, Sarah ;Littlepage, Sarah; Lord, Reuben ; Lyons, Peter ;McCook, Neal ;Mills, Charles; Mitchell, Charles ; Nelson, Edward ;Norment, J. B.;Parsley, William ;Pate, Maria ; Patterson, James ;Picot, Josephine Micault ;Pollard, William ; Priddy, Thomas ;Pryor, William ;Ragland, Pettus ;Reerie, J. E. Payson ;Richardson, John ;Schick, Petters ;Sims, Patrick ; Smith, Richard G.; Snead, Edwin ;Spindle, Fanny ; Stewart,Daniel ;Strong, Jane ;Strong, Judith ;Thornton, Anthony ;Thornton, John ;Timberlake, Francis; Traincum, Austin ; Wharton, Charlott ;Whitlock, David

Digital Images of in the Circuit Court 1852 to 1865

Testators: Braxton, Carter; Clarke, Thomas G.; Gardiner, Thomas S. ;Gentry, Henry D.; Nuckulls, Reuben; Robinson, Moses; White, Susan

Digital Images of Hanover County Wills, Book 1, 1862-1868

Testators: Anderson, John T.; Archer, Obediah; Atkins, Lucy B.; Atkisson, Andrew; Batt, Dumas; Berkeley, Billy Landon; Berkeley, Edmund; Blunt, Francis ;Bowles, Lucy; Brown, John D.; Bumpass, Polly; Carpenter, William W. ;Carraway, George ;Carter, Bartlett ;Carter, Thomas; Carver, Elizabeth Rose ;Chiles, William; Clarke, Elizabeth C.; Clough, George A.; Clough, John; Cooke, John ;Crenshaw, Eliza; Crenshaw, Nathaniel ;DeJarnett, William U. ;Dillard, Stephen ;Dowell, Sally Ann; Fleming, Maria ; Ford, Samuel ;Fortune, James; Fox, Thomas ;Gilman, Mary ;Green, Harriett M. ;Gregory, Thomas ;Gwathmey, Richard; Hundley, George; Jones, Catharine; Jones, John B.; Kersey, Henry; Minor, Lucius H.; Moreley, Mary Ann; Nelson, Robert H.; Nuckols, Charles G. ;Overton, Samuel ;Pollard, William T. H. ;Redd, Sally ;Royster, John ;Royston, Mary; Saunders, John C. ;Slaughter, David S. ;Snydner, Edward ;Snydner, William B.;Stack, John ;Stanley, Abram ;Stewart, Daniel (2) ;Stone, William P. ;Tate, B. F.; Tate, Maria W.; Taylor, John J. ;Terrell, Charles ;Thornton, Sarah ;Timberlake, Archibald; Timberlake, Elizabeth; Tinsley, Thomas; Todd, Samuel ;Tucker, John ;Utley, John ;Vaughan, Joseph; Via, Gilson ;Via, William; Wash, Edmund ;White, Mildred; White, Silas ;White, William ;Winston, William ;Yarbrough, Jesse G. ;Yeamans, Francis; Yeamans, Pleasant

Indexes to Probate Records

  • Index to Wills in the Circuit Court 1785 to 1893
  • Index to Circuit Court Wills, Inventories, Estates, 1852 to 1865
  • Index to Wills, Inventories, Estates 1862 to 1893

Miscellaneous Hanover County Wills, Estates, available to members of Virginia Pioneers

Allen, James, LWT, transcript
Beal, John (transcript)
Brown, Benjamin, LWT (transcript)
Clay, John, LWT (transcript)
Coles, Walter, LWT (transcript)
Dandridge, Nathaniel West, LWT (transcript)
Fleming, William, LWT (transcript)
Glen, James, LWT (transcript)
Henry, Patrick, Rev., LWT (transcript) (1777)
Hill, James, LWT (transcript)
Hudson, George, LWT (transcript)
Lipscombe, Nathaniel, LWT (transcript)
Meriwether, Nicholas, LWT (1744)
Page, Robert, LWT (1744)
Street, Charles P., LWT (transcript)
Thomson, John, LWT (transcript)
Turner, William, LWT (1836) (transcript)
Walton, John, Last Will and Testament

Traced genealogies and family histories of Hanover County available to Members !

Berkeley Dandridge Lewis Venable