Indians Cooking Meat
Indians broiled meat by either laying the meat itself upon the coals, or by laying it upon sticks raised upon forks at some distance above the live coals, which heats more gently and dries up the gravy. The fowl was plucked and drawn, and fish was dressed leaving the scales on without gutting. But while eating they left the scales, entrails and bones to be thrown away. They made broth of the head and umbles of deer, which they put into the pot all bloody.
Indian Villages during the 17th Century
By Jeannette Holland Austin
Village of Powhatan Indians. Indians cohabitated in townships of from fifty to five hundred families. Each town was known as a kingdom. The construction of houses consisted of stick saplings into the ground by one end, and bend the other at the top, fastening them together by strings made of fibrous roots, the rind of trees or the green wood of the white oak. The smallest houses or cabins was conical like a bee-hive, while the larger structures were oblong and covered with a bark of trees. The windows were little holes left open for the passage of light, which were stopped up with bark in bad weather. The chimney was a little hole at the top of the house to dispel smoke, and the fire is made in the middle of the cabin. The door was a pendent mat when the Indians are near home, but barricaded with great logs of wood set against the mat when they are out of town.
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How exciting it is to locate an old photo of the ancestors. But there is more to come for the genealogist who digs deeply into the past. A visit to the old farm place in the countryside offers a sense of their lifestyle and sacrifice to the American way. Your ancestors were ambititiously unselfishly valiant people, and proved it by forging an economy out of a new wilderness country. I hope that you take the time to walk across old pastures and dirt roads, locate rural church yards, and speak to the older generation still in the vicinity. Next, introduce yourself to them by examining deed records and take note of the legal description which provides the land lot number and acreage. A county map from the tax accessor's office will help you to find the exact spot. Also, while you are in the neighborhood, observe how the land itself seems to be missing the old generation who planted the gardens and fruit trees. How old are some of those trees? As people moved from place to place, they took seeds of trees and favorite plants. Remember, that just as Sir Walter Raleigh introduced? the potato to English soil, that English immigrants also delivered the beautiful boxwood seedlings to Virginia plantations where they continue to flourish in grand beauty today.
How to Turn Marginal Genealogy into Real Genealogy
As we continue our research, we find ourselves jotting down tidbits of information, thinking that it might be useful later. And it is, as more data reaches our computer. But what kind tidbits are most important? Witnesses to deeds and adjoining properties; every name in the old part of the cemetery, especially those adjoining your family plots. Names in the same district as your ancestor written down according to the order of the entries, along with such details as acreage, adjoining neighbors and waters. Purchasers of estate sales as some of these people married the daughters (examine these names in the county marriage records). Remarkably, all of these people were the old neighborhood! You will be amazed at how this information provides a better understand of the life and times of your ancestors, plus makes all the puzzle parts fit.
Finding the Path Across the Genealogy Maze
Have you ever worked one of the maze puzzles in the Altheimer's books? Once inside the maze, the idea is to find a path out. Actually, it is a good exercize for the researcher who spends years attempting to solve complicated genealogies. We expect to find marriage records, for example, but discover that many county records did not begin requiring this filing until the 1900s. But we are inside the maze and must pause to examine all of the possibilities of exit. In seeking the obvious exit, we miss tiny details whih lead to answers. For example, did you realize that the people buried in the old part of a cemetery are "the neighborhood?" It is these tombstones which provide answers. Had you researched the local deed records, wills and estates, you might recognize some of the names. In other words, you are looking at the neighbors, friends and relatives of your ancestors. A closer look at the old section might turn up the husband's of daughters. Look closely and write down everyone's name. Notice when they include a maiden name. Example: Mary Jones Smith. Gosh, Mary's parents are probably buried close by. And an examination of old wills and estates might help identify if Mary Jones belongs to your family. Thus, just as we examine every outlet in the maze, we identify every possible relationship.
Do the Magic Centipede
Powhatan County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Probate Records
Powhatan County was named after Powhatan, the Indian chieftain who ruled and terrorized the native inhabitants of tidewater Virginia in the early seventeenth century. It was formed from Cumberland County in 1777, and part of Chesterfield County was added later. The James River forms its northern border and the Appomattox River is on the south side. Historically the area had been occupied by the Monacan, and in 1700 French Huguenot refugees settled at their abandoned village, known as Manakin Town. Powhatan County is located southwest of Richmond along US Route 60 in the Richmond-Petersburg region.
Wills available to Members of Virginia Pioneers
Images of Wills 1777 to 1795
Testators: Ballow, Thomas; Banton, William Sr.; Baskerville, John; Baugh, Joseph; Bayley, William; Bingley, Matthew; Bryant, James; Cheatwood, William; Cox, Edward; Cox, George; Cox, Henry ;Cox, John; Dickens, Ann; Edwards, William; Elam, Lodowick ;Farley, Matthew ;Flournoy, Elizabeth; Flournoy, Thomas; Franklin, John; Harris, Edith ;Harris, Joseph ;Harris, William; Haskins, Edward; Hatcher, Elizabeth; Hughes, Martha ;Hughes, Robert ;Jordan, Robert ;Langston, Esther ;Macon, John ;McCraw, James ;Moseley, Benjamin; Moss, James; Moss, Mary ;Porter, John ;Roper, Shadrack; Smith, Magdalene ;Trent, Alexander ;Wilkerson, Nicholas ;Wilks, Thomas; Woodson, Charles; Woodson, Joseph
Images of Wills 1797 to 1806
Testators: Ballew, Tabitha; Baugh, John; Brackett, Boyle ;Brackett, Thomas ;Causby, James ;Cosby, Charles ;Cox, John ;Crump, Abner ;Davis, Elizabeth; Davis, Jerry; Elam, Thomas ;Goode, Thomas ;Gordon, Robert; Harris, Benjamin ;Harris, John Sr. ;Haskins, Martha ;Hughes, Ann; Hughes, Mary ;Jude, Benjamin ;Marshall, William ;Martin, Anthony ;Maxey, John ;Mayo, Joseph ;Mayo, William ;McLaurine, Elizabeth ;Miller, Jesse ;Moseley, John ;Netherland, John ;Royall, John Jr.; Smith, Betsy ;Smith, John ;Smith, Mary; Smith, W. S. ;Spears, Nancy ;Taylor, Elizabeth ;Thompson, Josiah ;Toney, Edmund; Willbourn, Tabitha;Woodson, Ann
Images of Wills 1806 to 1811
Testators :Bagby, Elizabeth; Barnes, John ; Brummer, William ; Bryant, James; Davis, Walter ;Depp, Peter; Dupuy, Judith ;Hobson, Samuel ;Hobson, Sarah ;Logwood, Mary ;Macon, Henry ;Mosby or Mosley, Littleberry ;Mosley, Arthur ;Owens, David; Pankey, Samuel ;Pleasants, Robert; Porter, William ;Price, Jerusha ;Swann, John ;Tucker, Thomas Sr. ;White, William ;Williamson, Jacob
Miscellaneous Probate Records
Adams, John (1796 Court Minutes)
Adams, Philip(1796 Court Minutes)
Baugh, Abraham (1796 Court Minutes)
Cheatwood, Polly, orphan of William (1796 Court Minutes)
Gant, Arthur (1796 Court Minutes)
Gant, James Clarke (1796 Court Minutes)
Cheatwood, Lott, orphan of William (1787 Court Minutes)
Clarke, William (1787 Court Minutes)
Evans, Patrick(1787 Court Minutes)
Gay, William (1796 Court Minutes)
Harris, Benjamin(1787 Court Minutes)
Harris, James(1796 Court Minutes)
Hopkins, William (1796 Court Minutes)
James, George (1787 Court Minutes)
Laurens, William(1787 Court Minutes)
Lipscomb, Colonel (1787 Court Minutes)
Logan, Charles, deceased (1796 Court Minutes)
Low, Edward (1787 Court Minutes)
McLaurine, Joseph(1796 Court Minutes)
Mosby, Benjamin (1787 Court Minutes)
Mosby, Hezekiah (1787 Court Minutes)
Mosby, Littleberry (1787 Court Minutes)
Mosby, Wade (1787 Court Minutes)
Smith, Josiah(1796 Court Minutes)
Spears, Nicholas(1787 Court Minutes)
Steger, Hans (1787 Court Minutes)
Swann, John (1796 Court Minutes)
Whaling, James(1796 Court Minutes)
Wilson, Samuel (1787 Court Minutes)
Woodson, John(1796 Court Minutes)
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