Princess Anne County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Deeds, Poll Lists, Indexes to Probate Records
Note: When researching Princess Anne County for ancestors, Norfolk County should also be examined as the names between the two counties were frequently inter-changed with relatives. When Admiral Christopher Newport and the colonists of the Virginia Company arrived in 1607, George Percy and his fellow Englishmen's first landing was at Cape Henry. They named the spot in honor of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King James I of England. It was this spot which later became Princess Anne County. A well-known planter was Adam Thoroughgood who settling along the Lynnhaven River. In 1634, the King of England directed the formation of eight shires (or counties) in the colony of Virginia. One of these was Elizabeth City Shire, which included land area on both sides of Hampton Roads. New Norfolk County was formed in 1636 from Elizabeth City Shire. New Norfolk County included all the area in South Hampton Roads now incorporated in the five independent cities located there in modern times. In 1637 this tract was divided into Upper Norfolk County and Lower Norfolk County. In 1691, Lower Norfolk County was in turn subdivided to form Norfolk County and Princess Anne County, which contained the area of Lynnhaven Parish. Princess Anne County was named for the heir to the English throne, who later became Queen Anne.
The following allowances were made in the levy of Princess Anne County for 1696 for the construction of a courthouse. A new jail was erected at the same time, and to some extent, the outlay for the two is given together in the entry quoted: " To Timber for the frame of the courthouse and prison, 1000 lbs. Tobo.; Digging Post holes for the courthouse, 30 lbs. Tobo.; 2850 Boards for outside work, 1425 lbs. Tobo; Bringing above down, boating them; To Joseph Godacres loading and carting them, 500 lbs. Tobo.; Taking down the table, benches, and bar at the old Court house, bringing here and setting up 100 lbs. Tobo.; Taking up plank at old Court house, boat and hands bringing it to Court house and carting, 400 lbs. Tobo; 650 planks of Adam Keeling, 650 lbs. Tobo.; To a boat and hands 2 days fetching 400 feet of it to Godacres' landing; One day carting it thence to Court house, 50 lbs. Tobo; One-day carting sleepers to the court house, 60 bs. Tobo; 6000 8d. Nails, 480 lbs. Tbo; 1000 10. nails, 100 lbs. Tobo; 1000 4d. nails, 45 lbs. Tobo; 500 20d. nails, 150 lbs. Tobo; 1500 Boards for inside @600 lbs. p. 1000, 900 lbs. Tobo; 2 bbl. of tar and bringing same, 300 lbs. Tobo; carting course house frame, 410 lbs. Tobo; To superintendence, 800 lbs. Tobo." Sources: Princess Anne Order Book 1691-1709, p. 119.
First Settlers of Princess Anne CountyMany of the first settlers to Princess Anne County acquired land patents or grants in Currituck County, North Carolina. John Legat, born ca 1650, of Currituck in the province of North Carolina deeded to David Legat of Lynnhaven Parish, Princess Anne County, in 1699, 100 acres of land for life. In 1692 Governor Francis Nicholson granted Adam Furgison 120 acres of land lying on the westward side of the North River Swamp in Princess Anne County adjoining lands of Beatcher and Thomas Tooley. While researching persons in Princess Anne County, one should also search Albemarle Sound in Outerbanks, North Carolina where many of the first settlers also owned land. List of Traced Virginia Families on this website
Images of Wills 1714-1724Testators: Atwood, John | Attwood, John | Atwood, Thomas | Attwood, William | Bray, Robert | Brock, Thomas | Brooks, Job | Burrough, Benjamin | Bush, George |Capps, Richard | Carroway, Edward | Carroway, John | Cason, James | Clause, Sarah | Cock, Christopher | Corbet, Richard | Corprew, Thomas | Crashley, Peter | Dange, James | Danley, John | Davis, Edward | Dennis, Timothy | Droutt, Richard | Edmunds, John | Emperer, Tully | Etherington, Thomas |Ewell, Thomas | Fentriss, Michael | Fitzgerald, Henry | Flaborn, John | Fowler, Frances | Franklin, Thomas | Gornes, Peter | Hancock, Athen | Hancock, George | Hancock, George (2) | Harvey, Thomas | Hoath, Ann | Holmes, Samuel | Holmes, William | Hoskins, Richard | Hunter, William | Hutchings, Daniel | Johnson, John | Jones, Evan | Jones, Richard | Jones, Solomon | Kempe, John | Land, Edward | Lilburn, Jane | Louott, Adam | Lovet, Thomas | Marsh, George | Martin, William | McGravy, Owin | Moore, Cason | Moore, Mathias | Morse, Francis | Moseley, Benjamin | Moseley, Edward | Moseley, Margaret | Moy, John | Nickles, Richard | Oliver, Peter | Olliver, Peter | Pallett, John | Plomton, Richard | Poad, William | Pow, Stephen | Purvine, John | Richardson, John | Richmond, John | Road, James | Scott, David Sr. | Shepherd, Samuel | Sicklemore, Samuel | Simmons, John | Smith, Tully | Snaile, Henry Sr. | Soalsy, Ann | Stireling, John | Thorowgood, John | Thorowgood, William | Walke, Thomas | Weblin, John | White, James | Whitehurst, James | Wicker, William | Williamson, Richard | Wills, Elenor | Wishard, James | Woodhouse, Henry | Woodhouse, Horatio | Woodhouse, Horatio (2) | Woodhouse, John | Worrington, Clifton
Images of Wills 1724 to 1735Testators: Achis, Katherine | Achis, William | Ashley, William |Achis, Adam |Ackis, John |Albritton, Thomas | Barns, Anthony |Berry, Robert |Blake, Arthur |Bonnoy, John | Bonnoy, Richard |Bonnoy, William |Boush, Sarah |Bradshaw, Edward |Bray, Edward |Bray, Olive |Brock, Thomas |Burfoot, Ambros | Cannon, Edward |Cannon, John |Capps, William |Carroway, John | Cartwright, Ann |Clark, James Tanons |Cockroft, John |Collins, Giles |Cooper, Thomas |Cornick, John |Crood, Thomas |Croots, Catran | Cumberfoot, James |Dauloy, Dennis |Dollar, Margaret |Easter, William |Ellegood, William |Fentriss, John |Floyd, Peter |Gisborne, William |Griffin, John |Haynes, James |Hutchings, Sarah |Ivy, Lemuel | Jackson, John |James, John |James, Mary |Jones, Owen |Jones, Susannah |Kingman, Robert |Lamount, Edward |Land, Robert |Loster, William |Mackool, Naomy |Miloud, John |Montgomery, George |Moore, Cason |Moseley, Hillary |Moy, Richard |Murray, John Sr. |Nicholas, William |O'Herson, Joseph |O'Loufer, John |Poole, Esther |Purvine, Lewis |Roberts, Mary |Saunders, John |Scott, David |Scott, Thomas | Simmons, Henry |Smith, Elizabeth |Smith, George |Smith, James | Smyth, George |Spratt, Thomas |Talbot, Isaac |Thelaball, Francis |Thelaball, Lemuel |Thorowgood, Thomas |Thrillwind, Thomas | Tooly, James |Trousthan, Sampson |Walsh, Hester |Whitehurst, Elizabeth |Whitehurst, Henry |Whitehurst, Hugh |Whitehurst, John | Whitehurst, William |Wicker, William |Wishard, Thomas
Images of Guardians of Orphans 1774-1777Names of Orphans: Baxter | Berry | Biddle | Bousch | Broughton | Buskey | Cannon | Carraway | Cornick | Dison | Ethridge | Gashing | Gray | Griggs | Haynes | Hopkins | Hudgins | Hunter | Jacobs | Jones | Keeling | Lamb | Lamount | Land | Leget | Mackey | Morris |Morse |Moseley |Munden |Nimms |Parsons |Salmons |Scott | Shepherd |Shepherd, Smith |Shippe |Simmons | Sparrow | Stone |Taylor |Thorowgood |Turner |Walke |Weblin | Whitehead | Wiles |Williamson |Wishart |Woodhouse
Images of Wills 1747-1755Absalom, Edmund | Achiss, Francis Achiss, William | Alderson, Worsell |Baniser, James |Batton, John | Bellegood, Jacob |Benson, William |Berry, George |Blair, Ann |Blair, James |Booth, John |Brinson, Henry |Brooks, Patrick |Brown, Edward | Brown, Francis |Buchanan, Elinor |Burfort, Ambrose |Burley, Robert | Busky, John |Capps, George |Capps, John |Cartwright, William | Cheshire, Susanna |Clark, Alexander |Constant, William |Cornick, Joel |Cornick, William |Craton, Solomon |Cummings, Martin |Dale, William |Dauge, William |Dorey, John |Dudley, Mary |Dusley, John | Dyer, John |Elk, Thomas |Ellegood, Margaret |Ellis, Peter |Etheridge, Eve |Fentriss, Michael |Fentriss, William Jr. |Franklin, Thomas |Franklin, William |Gasking, Job |Gisborn, Elizabeth | Gisborn, James |Goodson, Richard |Gornton, John |Grant, Thomas |Griffin, John | Gwin, John |Haines, Crapman |Harmon, Joseph |Haynes, Erasmus |Haynes, James |Henley, Cornelius |Hill, Thomas |Holmes, Henry |Holmes, Robert |Holmes, Samuel |Huggins, Robert |Hunter, John |Hutchins, John, Capt. |Hunter, John |Jacobs, William |Johnson, Margaret |Jones, James |Keeling, Capt. |Keeling, William |Lamount, Thomas |Langley, James |Latter, Dayley |Lawson, Thomas |Lester, Darcus |Lester, Thomas |Lovett, John |Lovett, Lancaster |Lovett, William |Malbone, Peter |Malbone, William |Martindale, Robert |Mason, Robert |Montgomery, Elizabeth |Moore, James |Moore, Mary |Morris, Josiah |Morris, William |Mosley, Benjamin |Munden, John |Nicholas, Andrew |Nicholas, John |Nicholason, Malachi |Nimmo, James, Captain | Oakham, William |Petree, James |Philpot, Christopher |Power, Samuel | Prescott, John |Purdy, William |Rainey, John |Robards, ark |Robinson, Tully |Roe, Kilsey |Russel, John |Salmon, William |Sayer, Margaret | Sharwood, John |Shepard, Smith |Smith, Richard |Smyth, Charles | Smythe, Tully |Spratt, Henry |Thorowgood, Argyle |Thorowgood, Robert |Turner, John |White, Isaac |Whitehurst, Antho |Whitehurst, Arthur |Whitehurst, Babson |Whitehurst, Charles |Whitehurst, Nathaniel |Whitehurst, Robert |Wiggins, William |Wilburn, Elizabeth | Wilburn, John |Williamson, Bartholomew |Williamson, Dinah |Williamson, John |Williamson, Roger |Woodhaup, Philip
Images of Wills 1779-1780Names of Testators: Achiss, James (estate) | Bonney, Jonathan | Bonney, Nathan | Burke, Samuel | Bushey, Sarah | Coates, Willis | Collins, John | Dawley, William | Henley, John | Hoggard, Harmer | Holmes, William | Hughs, Thomas | Jackson, Jonathan | Johnson, James | Kelly, John | Loftland, Barnabas | Montgomery, James | Moore, James | Moore, Willoughby | Nicholas, Susannah | Pallett, John | Peeding, Nathan | Simmons, Uriah | Stripes, Lewis | Tenant, James | Thorowgood, Robert | Thorowgood, William | Tooley, James | Turner, Thomas | Whitehurst, James
Images of Deeds, Wills, Estates 1780-1782Names: Airs to Dyer |Airs, Francis to John Rany |Benney, Jonathan (estate) |Blaw, Capt. Robert (estate) |Boult to Boult |Boush, Maximilian |Braithwaite, James |Brown, Willis |Calloway, Alese (estate) |Cannon, Edward |Clay, Peter |Collins to Kilgour |Conner, Charles (deed) |Cox, George (deed) |Cumberfoot, John (deed) | Dickson, Amy (estate) |Dudley, George |Dudley, George (estate) | Dudley, James |Elks, Thomas to Jeremiah Plumer |Harrison, Henry to William West |Hill to Hill |Hill, Morris Sr. |Holmes, Amy | Holmes, Henry |Holmes, Henry (estate) |Hopkins, Jonathan |Hunter, Dinah |Hunter, Jacob |Hunter, Jacob (estate) |Hunter, Thomas (estate) |Jones, Robert |Kempe, James to Thomas Kempe |Kempe to Kempe |Kempe to Harrison |Kenline to Harr |Lawrence to Walke | Laws, Robert |Lovett, Adam to Elizabeth (Lovett) |Lovett to Shepherd |Luke, Betty |Malbone, Philip |Matthews to Berry |Matthias, James Sr. |Moore, James |Morris, John (deed) |Morris to Whitehead | Newton, Lemuel |Nicholson to Burrows |Oakem, William |Old to Duran | Old, Thomas |Owens, Thomas |Phipp, Matthew (deed) |Ramsay, John | Ramsay, John (estate) |Seneca, William |Simpson to Wiles | Smith, John Sr. |Tipling, John |Tooley, James |Trotter, John Giles | Trowton, George |Walke, Anthony |Walke to Lawrence |Ward, George | Whitehurst to Whitehurst |Will, Susanna (deed) |Williams to Capps | Williamson to Airs |Williamson, Reuben |Williamson, Sally |Wishart, William (bond) |Woodhouse, Horatio |Woodhouse to Cavendar | Woodhouse to Lovett
Images of Wills 1782 to 1793Names of Testators: Aleph? | Agness, Thomas | Atwood, Edward | Atwood, Solomon | Berry, George | Berry, Mary | Berry, Richard | Brock, Thomas | Broughton, William | Bush, Edward | Campbell, Duncan | Capps, Edward | Clay, Ann | Clay, Peter | Collins, Nathaniel | Collins, Nathaniel (2) | Cottel, Sarah | Creed, John Jr. | Dickson, Robert | Dorn, Isaac | Dudley, Henry | Duham, Amy | Elks, Thomas |Ellegood, Peter Norley |Fentriss, Aaron | Gasking, Charles |Gaskins, Henry |Gasking, Job | Gasking, Thomas |Gishborn, Edward |Hamilton, Gavin |Hancock, William | Haynes, Erasmus |Haynes, Thomas | Hill, Morris | Hutchins, Moses | Hunter, Dinah | Jones, Robert |Jones, Sarah |Kelley, William | Kelly, Francis |Kentine, John | Lewis, Thomas |Lovett, Amy | Lovey, Andrew | Luke, Polly |Makepeace, Ebenezer | Malbone, Philip |Matthias, John | Moore, Francis | Mason, James | Moore, James | Moore, John | Moseley, Edward | Moseley, Hillary | Moseley, Tully | Moseley, William | Murden, John | Owens, Thomas |Payne, Thomas |Phillips, Mitchell |Philpot, John |Pritchett, Matthew |Rampe, James | Rumpter, Dinah |Smith, John |Sonica, William |Spann, William | Stripe, Lewis |Tenant, Elizabeth |Thorowgood, Sally | Tipling, John |Trotter, Sarah |Trowton, George |Turner, John | Turner, William |Ward, Arthur |Ward, George | Waterman, Charles |Webb, George |Whitehead, William |Willeroy, John | Williams, John |Woodhouse, Horatio |Woodhouse, Jonathan | Woodhouse, Joseph |Woodhouse, Philip |Woodhouse, William | Wright, Joshua
Images of Will Bk No. 1, 1783-1794 and Will Bk No. 2, 1795-1807; Will Bk 3, 1808-1834
Indexes to Wills, Deeds, Estates
17th Century Colonists to VirginiaSome of the largest landowners of the 17th century were Richard Lee, William Byrd, Adam Thoroughgood, and the elder Nathaniel Bacon. The English spirit prevailed and class distinctions were upheld. As in England, the class of a gentleman was distinctly different from the yeoman, and the yeoman was separate from the agricultural servant or mechanic. The population of the colony was mostly of pure English blood and a good many of the first adventurers had titles and rank and transported servants which entitled them to be granted large tracts of land. The idea was to amass large tracts of land based on the number of servants transported into the colony and to establish colonial plantations. The true adventurer uprooted his family for the opportunity of what later became " the American dream." The emigrants were not drawn because of religious differences (as in New England), but rather based on the customs and traditions of their native land. Virginia Immigrants Origins of Colonists
Forts and The Granting of Land
The Head Right GrantThe headright was the most important land grant and became the principal basis for title to land in the seventeenth century. Its origin goes back to The Greate Charter of 1618; as follows: "
That for all persons, which during the next seven years after Midsummer Day 1618 shall go into Virginia with intent there to inhabit If they continue there three years or dye after they are shipped there shall be a grant made of fifty acres for every person upon a first division and as many more upon a second division (the first being peopled) which grants to be made respectively to such persons and their heirs at whose charges the said persons going to inhabit in Virginia shall be transported with reservation of twelve pence yearly rent for every fifty acres to be answered to the said treasurer and company and their successors for ever after the first seven years of every such grant." Thus, it is evident that not only was the headright grant of fifty acres per person open to shareholders who brought settlers into the colony, but also to anyone who had migrated to the colony at his own expense or who had financed the expedition of other persons. Individuals paying for their own transportation were entitled to fifty acres for themselves and for every member of the family, providing they fulfilled the residence requirement of three years. This is how so many early settlers became large landowners of thousands of acres. The headright was set aside by the crown in 1624, however, the royal governors continued to honor headright claims based on immigration. It became the custom.