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Images of Surry County Wills, Estates Available to Members of Virginia Pioneers

Indexes to Wills and Deeds

  • Wills and Deeds 1652 to 1672
  • Wills and Deeds 1671 to 1684
  • Wills and Deeds 1684 to 1687
  • Wills and Deeds 1687 to 1694
  • Wills and Deeds 1694 to 1709
  • Wills and Deeds 1709 to 1715
  • Deeds 1741 to 1746
  • Deeds 1746 to 1749


  • Old Map

Marriage Records

  • Marriages to 1699
  • Marriage Index 1768 to 1853
  • Marriage Register 1768 to 1853
  • Marriages 1772 to 1825


  • 1704 Quit Rent Rolls

Traced genealogies and family histories of Surry County available to Members !

Dunn Heath Rogers Taylor

The Forgotten People

wreckedship Obviously everyone is not accounted for who crossed the Atlantic and came to the American shores of freedom. Shipwrecks were fairly common as vessels were met with storms and hurricanes and thrown off-course. Thus, those who were en route for America who never heard from by relatives abroad were forgotten. If we had the ship manifests of all of the vessels who crossed the seas, listing the names, ages and occupations of those traveling, a plethora of information would be available to genealogists. One can get an idea of the situation by reading some of the old Wills in England which state that someone was traveling to the colonies, or elsewhere. The Jamestown settlement suffered from starvation and poverty. After more than half of the settlers were massacred by Indians in 1622, the colony was in desperate straits. From that time going forward and as royal governors were sent to rule, colonists struggled to keep laws which did not particularly apply to a wilderness setting. During the 18th and 19th centuries, there existed a heavy traffic of trade throughout the West Indies, Great Britain and America. In fact, during the early colonization period of the 17th century, English passed laws against the colonists trading with dutch merchant ships. This was because the dutch delivered more affordable necessities without the penalty of tariff. To circumvent paying the penalty which was collected on land, merchants would drop anchor a convenient distance away. The nagging tariff paid by Virginians was an obstacle to the prosperity of the early settlers. One example is that the cost of transporting nails and building materials from Britain was so high that the cost of constructing a home in Virginia far exceeded that of English homes. For this reason, when buildings were disassembled, all materials were saved. That is why the old wills and testaments contain inventories of vast amounts of stores. Loss of the Dasher Shipwrecks were Common in the 17th Century

Images of Wills and Estates 1694-1709

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Allen, John Bagley, Hugh Bagerhood, Thomas Bennet, Jonas
Binns, Thomas Botter, Roger Bowman, Thomas Briggs, George E.
Bullock, Richard Carr, Thomas Clary, Thomas Collins, John
Cook, James Covon, Joseph Crows, Thomas Ehndseuth, Matthew
Esoll,, Timothy Forbush, Theophilus Fort, John Francis, Henry
Grantham, Edward Gray, John Gully, Luccey Gulley, Robert
Hammock, John Haney, J. W. Hargrave, Richard Harris, John
Harrison, Benjamin Howard, John Howson, George Inman, Robert
Ironmonger, Mary Johnson, Martin Jolks, Richard Jordan, Anna
Jordan, Arthus Jordan orphans Jordan, Richard Jordan, Samuel
Killingsworth, William Lather, John Leward, William Mariott, Mathew
Mason, Francis Mason, James Measle, Luke Modes, William
Monroe, John Nash, William Newson, John Newsom, William
Paleton, John Peyton, John Phillips, David Phillips, John
Pickerill, William Pidington, Thomas Pottaway, William Rawlins, Roger
Reynolds, Robert Riddick, James Robinson, James Rogers, William
Roggers, John Saffield, Nicholas Savige, Robert Shally, Phillip
Simons, Elizabeth Simons, William Swan, Matthew Swett, Robert
Thompson, John Watkins, John Wood, Joseph Wrath, William
Yost, Timothy

Images of Wills 1709 to 1715

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Adkins, Thomas Allen, James Baily, Robert Barker or Burcher, John
Bookey, Edward Edwards, John Ellis, James Figler, Christopher
Harris, Elizabeth Harrison, Benjamin Hunt, William Mayberry, Elizabeth
Mayberry, Francis Randall,, George Rockins, William Ruffin, Elizabeth
Rustwell, John Witherington, Nicholas Wyche, Henry

Images of Wills and Estates 1715 to 1730

Anderson, John Andrews, Robert Apple, John W. Balse, Robert
Barlow, John Barner, Francis Bayley, Robert Bennett, Richard
Blow, George Braddu, Edward Brantley, Hester Browne, John
Callahan, Morris Chambers, Olive Chapman, Benjamin Clark, John
Clarke, Henry Clark, Robert Sr. Clements, Francis Clemons, John
Coker, John Coker, Margaret Collier, John Collier, Joseph
Cotten, Mary Davis, Arthur Davis, Nicholas Dobe, John
Edmunds, Howell Edwards, Benjamin Evans, John Ezell, Michael
Farret, George Faulson, Isaac Faulson, Jacob Ferraby, Benjamin
Flacke, Robert Ford, John Fox, George Freeman, John
Glover, Richard Green, Nathaniell Grice, Robert Hagood, George
Hall, Joseph Harris, John Harris, Joseph Harris, Margaret
Hart, Richard Hart, Robert Hawthorn, John Heath, Adam
Hicks, John Hide, Richard Hill, Benjamin Holt, John
Howell, John Hunnicutt, Margaret Hutchins, John Jarrad, Nicholas
Jarrett, Charles Jarrett, Ferdinando Jarrett, George Jarrett, Henry
Johnson, Marlin Jones, Arthur Jordan, George Kever, John
Kitchen, John Lacey, Mary Lather, John Lewis, Morgan, Lewis
Lowerby, Francis Lucas, Grace Lukelasco, John Lynes, Robert
Magarety, Patrick Maybury, Francis Merritt, Elizabeth Mitchell, John
Moreland, Brockett Moreland, Edward Newell, Elizabeth Newson, John
Nicholson, Ann Nicholson, George Nicholson, James Obourn, John
Pack, John Parham, Ephraim Peake, John Peters, Joannah
Phillips, Mary Pingington, Edward Pledge, Charles Pocks, Edward
Price, Francis Proctor, Joshua Ray, Joseph Regan, Francis
Reives, John Savidge, Charles Savidge, Levelis Scarboro, Edward
Sessons, Nicholas Seward, James Simson, John Sledge, Mary
Smith, John Smith, Nicholas Snelgrove, Henry Sowerby, John
Spratley, John Stanton, James Tarret, Mary Taylor, Etheldred
Taylor, Richard Terrell, Charles Tharp, John Tharpe, Joseph
Thompson, Nicholas Tooke, John Walker, Humphrey Watkins, John
Weak, Richard Weaver, John Weaver, Kenneth White, John
White, Mary Williams, Charles Williams, Jones Windom, Griffin
Wrenn, Richard

Images of Wills and Estates 1652-1672

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Blackbone, Joseph Booz, J. Broad, George Foreman, Thomas
Hall, William Jones, Ralph Lurus, T. Mason, James
Shepherd, Joseph Washope, Joseph Wynne, John

Images of Wills and Estates 1671-1684

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Aberson, William Allen, Arthur Anny, Charles Baker, Lawrence
Barton, John Bopham, Charles Brewster, Charles Bridgeman, Edward
Browne, Edward Cartwright, Robert Clay, Thomas Corkins, William
Delks, Roger Drew, Richard Drew, Thomas Edwardson, William
Emmerson, John Flood, John Gold, Edward Goring, John
Good, Henry Gray, Thomas Grogan, John Grove, John
Harte, Charles Haskins, Nicholas Hedy, John Hickman, Elizabeth
Hill, Thomas Hoge, Hoge Holt, Randall Horderet, Thomas W.
Hornsby, Francis Hornsby, James Howell, Edmond Hunt, Jasper
Johns, Richard Jones, Susannah Kilpatrick, James Kindred, John
King, Thomas Kinnard, Augustine, Sr. Knight, Nathaniel Leeler, Robert
Long, Mary Marriott, Thomas Marriott, William Moring, John
Parker, Judith Price, John Proctor, George Rawlings, John
Richards, Lott Rookings,, William Sherwood, William Smith, John
Spensor, Robert Watkins, Henry Weeks, Thomas White, Joun
Williams, Robert

Images of Wills 1684-1687

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Avery, Richard Barrow, Thomas Clarke, John Dough, Walter
Jordan, Thomas Scarle, Richard Spenser, Robert

Images of Wills and Estates 1687-1694

Note: Incomplete due to damaged images

Avery, George Avery, Richard Barnes, John Barrow, Thomas
Briggs, Margery Bynham, John Clarke, Thomas Creed, William
Dimford, John Due, John Eidway, Mary Forbes, James
Forbush, James Francis, Henry Hamilton, I. Hansford, P.
Haviland, Anthony High, Thomas Hyelocot, Thomas Jordan, Thomas
Knisaph, John Marke, Richard Margory, William Matson, Job
Middleton, George Newsom, William Nicholson, Francis Phillips, John
Pottway, Edward Roade, William Rugsboo, William Sherrard, Dennis
Smith, John Sopurns, Nicholas Swann, Samuel Taylor, John
Taylor, Walter Tibbott, Richard Tooker, Henry Upchurch, Thomas

The Mule Chest

mule chest The Mule Chest is one of the earliest form of the chest of drawers. It was made in the countryside as early as the Cromwellian era and for as long as a hundred years. In more fashionable circles it was soon developed into the well-known Jacobean chest of 55 drawers, the prototype of the form in use to-day. The chest pictured was dated about 1701, and did not develop into a new style for fifty years of more.

Oak Dresser

oak chest The oak dresser depicted here dates to the early 18th century England. Its arched formation and serpentine outline on the sides reaches more than six feet. The earliest settlers coming to Virginia with indentured servants also exported certain supplies and furniture necessary for colonial cottages. While they availed themselves of natural materials found in the countryside, such as tree lumber used to build homes and barns and the berries from myrtle bushes used to make wax candles, they soon discovered that the cost of importing nails, glass windows and other implements was prohibitive. As barns and other buildings were dismantled, plank boards and nails were saved for future use.

Poolesville, house of M. B. Poole

Home of M. B. Poole, Poolesville, Virginia. Poole's funeral home was across the street.

Chippoke Plantation Chippoke Plantation

Smith's Fort

Smith's Capt. John Smith's fort in Surry County, Virginia; also called the Rolfe-Warren House. The fort no longer exists. This area was selected for the site of a town. As an inducement to build, settlers were granted in fee simple a half-acre lot. In 1652, Surry County was formed from a portion of James City County in the Royal Colony of Virginia south of the James River. In 1676, a local Jacobean brick house was occupied as a fort or castle during Bacon's famous Rebellion against the Royal Governor, Sir William Berkeley.
Online Images of Old Wills and Estates

Names of Families in Surry County Probate Records

Virginia Map

In 1652, Surry County was formed from a portion of James City County in the Royal Colony of Virginia south of the James River. In 1676, a local Jacobean brick house was occupied as a fort or castle during Bacon's famous Rebellion against the Royal Governor, Sir William Berkeley.

Map of Surry County, Virginia
New! Just Added!

Surry County Guardian Accts

  • 1672 to 1750
  • 1744 to 1762
  • 1762 to 1783
  • 1783 to 1803
  • 1804 to 1820
  • 1821 to 1831

Unrecorded Wills

  • 1759 to 1844

Miscellaneous Wills

  • Banks, John, LWT (extract of lost records)
  • Gording, John, LWT (extract of lost records)
  • Harrison, Benjamin, LWT (transcript)
  • Taylor, Thomas, LWT dated 1744
  • Warren, Willis, LWT (extract of lost records)
  • Watkins, Martha, LWT (extract of lost records)


Note: All males 16 years and over had to declare themselves annually and the number of males which they brought into the colony (mostly white indentured, but some African-American).

1652-1672 1671-1684 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684
1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1694
1695 1696 1697 1699 1700 1701 1702


Bacon's Castle Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter from Suffolk, England and kinsman of the famous Sir Francis Bacon, was by marriage related to Governor Berkeley, the colonial governor. Bacon arrived in Virginia during 1674. He was financed by his father and acquired two estates along the James River. The main plantation was located some 40 miles above Jamestown and was described as an average size manor house, with an old and new hall, inner room over the hall and outer room. The chamber of Mrs. Bacon was included, as well as a kitchen, dairy and storeroom. The second plantation was located in the vicinity of Richmond, Virginia. Because his wife was a cousin of the governor and owing to his influential social and family background, Bacon was soon appointed to the governor's council where he readily endorsed a policy to remove all Indians from the region. The plan was to expand the territory. But, most of all, put an end to the Indian attacks along the frontier settlements. Berkeley was opposed. He feared a general Indian war such as the massacre of 1622/3 when the Indians set out to kill all white men on the continent. Also, Berkeley was concerned for trade with Native Americans, and desired to avoid the costs of a major conflict,. Hence, he took no action. But as settlers continously suffered the atrocities of the raids and murders near the settlements, Bacon became impatient. Therefore, in 1676 he organized an expedition against the Indians. From the start the governor branded Bacon a rebel, but was soon forced by public pressure to give Bacon a commission. Later, Berkeley changed his mind and once again declared Bacon as a rebel and took the drastic action of sending several military expeditions against Bacon and his 60 odd rebels. This unfortunate action resulted in the burning of Jamestown! Bacon then managed to seize control of the government for a time and called an assembly to repeal low tobacco price scales and high taxes. However, during the height of his power in late 1676, Bacon died of fever, and the rebellion collapsed. Actually, Nathaniel Bacon dared to reform a bad situation in the colony arising out of a privileged English aristocracy when he addressed the colonial grievances of the times. The unpopular Governor Berkeley was recalled to England and another sent to replace him. Bacon was the first rebel reformer in the colony and has been described as a forerunner of the American Revolution.

Source: Records of York County, vol. 1690-1694. The Bacon genealogy is traced and available to members of Virginia Pioneers.

17th Century Celebrations: Guns Fired over the Grave

flintlock In his last will and testament, George Jordan of Surry County expressly forbade guns to be fired over his grave and directed that his executors permit no drunkenness to disgrace the occasion. In his last will and testament, he wished a good and decent funeral. This is but one of the interesting stories the genealogist learns upon examining the estate of colonials. He obtains a knowledge of the history of the area, pecular bequests, and stories to tell family members. However, it is not enough to simply read the will, one must also study every detail of the estate proceedings, from the inventories and annual returns to receipt vouchers. Source: Surry County Records, Vol. 1671-84, p. 295. List of Traced Virginia Families on this website

Gunston Hall and James Mason

Gunston Hall

James Mason was a member of the House of Burgesses in Surry County. The first record of him is a deed from James Mason to Thomas Felton, carpenter, dated 1755. It included a petition of Thomas Burns that Mrs. Elizabeth Mason, the wife of James Mason, had defamed in a vile manner, Martha, the wife of the petitioner. A brother of James Mason was was Captain George Mason who married Mary French, and represents the progenitor of the Masons of Gunston Hall.

Do the Magic Centipede